(1) Lands and appurtenances which are used for the management of low-level radioactive waste shall be acquired and held in fee simple absolute by the licensed facility operator so long as such ownership does not preclude licensure or operation of the facility under federal law and until title to the land and appurtenances is transferred to the state pursuant to subsection (1) of section 81-15,102. Such lands and appurtenances shall be used exclusively for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste until the department determines that such exclusive use is not required to protect the occupational and public health and safety or the environment. Before such site is leased for other use, the radioactive waste history of the site shall be recorded in the permanent land records of the site.
(2) The department may contract with third parties for management of a low-level radioactive waste site. A contractor shall be subject to the surety and long-term care funding provisions of section 71-3508.04 and to appropriate licensing by the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission or by the department.